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Papillon Breed Summary

Sociable, Intelligent, Alert, Affectionate and Playful

These little dogs have a spaniel-type appearance meaning they are often referred to as 'continental toy spaniels'! Paired with their charming personalities and affectionate ways, they are a very popular breed across a fair few parts of the world.

Both France and Belgium claim that this breed belongs to them and in fact, both are listed as being the native home of the Papillon however, it remains a mystery as to where they are actually from.

Fun Fact: These dogs are ranked 8th out of 79 other breeds in terms of intelligence!

Kennel Club Group Toy
Lifespan 13 - 15 Years
Height (at the withers) Males and Females 20cm - 28cm
Weight Males 3.6kg - 4.5kg, Females 3.2kg - 4.1kg
Coat Single Coat that's Long, Fine and Very Silky to the touch
Colour Black & White, Dark Red & White, Dark Red Sable & White, Dark Sable & White, Dark Shaded Sable & White, Lemon & White, Lemon Sable & White, Pale Red & White, Pale Red Sable & White, Red & White, Red Sable & White, Sable & White, Silver & White, Silver Sable & White, Tricolour
Eye colour Dark
Common health issues Congenital deafness, Progressive retinal atrophy, Von Willebrand’s disease, Patellar luxation, Black hair folliculitis, Cataracts, Entropion, Mitral valve disease, Micropapilla, Intervertebral disc disease, Allergies, Dental problems, Seizures, Broken bones
Other Names Pap, Butterfly Dog, Squirrel Dog

These sweet little dogs are known for their outgoing and sociable natures. They are very smart meaning training is fairly easy however, their knowledge does mean that they are very good at getting their own way. They need lots of socialisation and training to stop them from developing any bad behaviours! These dogs will always alert their owners to anything unusual and although not aggressive, they make lovely little watchdogs. They are perfect dogs for first time owners as they are so eager to please and are a general pleasure to be around.

Papillons are thought to date back almost 700 years, although the exact origins of the breed is unknown, with both France and Belgium trying to claim that they belong to them! Some believe that the doggies may be descendants of toy breeds from Asia, such as the Japanese Chin, although others believe that they are smaller version of Spaniels, found in Europe. However, regardless of their origin, one thing is definitely clear, these guys were firm favourites with Royals and Nobles! During the reign of Louis the Great they were known as Phalene dogs, which is French for moth. It was also during this time that some puppies were born with erect ears. Its not known why this happened although many believe they were crossed with Spitz-type doggies. They were introduced to the UK in 1901 and became a recognised breed in 1923. They quickly became very popular and are now a well-loved breed worldwide!