Papillon Breed Summary
Sociable, Intelligent, Alert, Affectionate and Playful
These little dogs have a spaniel-type appearance meaning they are often referred to as 'continental toy spaniels'! Paired with their charming personalities and affectionate ways, they are a very popular breed across a fair few parts of the world.
Both France and Belgium claim that this breed belongs to them and in fact, both are listed as being the native home of the Papillon however, it remains a mystery as to where they are actually from.
Fun Fact: These dogs are ranked 8th out of 79 other breeds in terms of intelligence!
|Kennel Club Group||Toy|
|Lifespan||13 - 15 Years|
|Height (at the withers)||Males and Females 8in - 11in|
|Weight||Males and Females 5lb - 10lb|
|Coat||Single Coat that's Long, Fine and Very Silky to the touch|
|Color||Black & White, Dark Red & White, Dark Red Sable & White, Dark Sable & White, Dark Shaded Sable & White, Lemon & White, Lemon Sable & White, Pale Red & White, Pale Red Sable & White, Red & White, Red Sable & White, Sable & White, Silver & White, Silver Sable & White, Tricolor|
|Common health issues||Congenital deafness, Progressive retinal atrophy, Von Willebrand’s disease, Patellar luxation, Black hair folliculitis, Cataracts, Entropion, Mitral valve disease, Micropapilla, Intervertebral disc disease, Allergies, Dental problems, Seizures, Broken bones|
|Other Names||Pap, Butterfly Dog, Squirrel Dog|
These sweet little dogs are known for their outgoing and sociable natures. They are very smart meaning training is fairly easy however, their knowledge does mean that they are very good at getting their own way. They need lots of socialization and training to stop them from developing any bad behaviors! These dogs will always alert their owners to anything unusual and although not aggressive, they make lovely little watchdogs. They are perfect dogs for first time owners as they are so eager to please and are a general pleasure to be around.
Paps were developed in Renaissance times by crossing existing toy breeds with spaniels (the breed’s early ancestors were known as “dwarf spaniels”) in keeping with the era’s mania among nobles for miniaturized versions of their favorite breeds. The sporting-spaniel blood in the Pap’s background might explain why these dainty dynamos are among the more athletic and biddable toy dogs in the canine kingdom. With admirers like Madame de Pompadour, Louis XIV, and Marie Antoinette (whose Pap, named Thisbe, stood faithfully outside the prison where the hapless queen awaited beheading), the breed’s French connection is strong. But it was in the early breeding centers of Italy and Spain that Paps were refined and popularized. The AKC registered its first Papillon in 1915.