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Border Terrier Breed Summary

Fearless, Independent, Cheerful and High-Energy

As their breed name may suggest, these dogs originated from the Border between Scotland and England during the 18th century, in fact, the earliest recorded image we have is a painting, by Arthur Wentworth of two Border Terriers from 1754. These little pups' main purposes were to end the battle between Farmers and Foxes. Their small bodies allowed them to squeeze through gaps and into holes in order to flush out Foxes. Although a popular little dog in England, little of the dog was known beyond these borders until the 20th century where they were eventually recognised by the English Kennel Club. In fact, many 'hoomans' hope that the dogs' breed remains relatively unknown, in order to protect them from the consequences of 'over-popularity'.

Kennel Club Group Terrier
Lifespan 12-14 Years
Height (at the withers) Males 33cm - 40cm, Females 28cm - 36cm
Weight Males 6kg - 7kg, Females 5kg - 6.5kg
Coat Rough-Coated
Colour Red; Wheaten; Grizzle and Tan; Blue and Tan
Eye colour Brown
Common health issues Shaking Puppy Syndrome (SPS); Hip Dysplasia; Legg Calve Perthes Disease; Juvenile Cataracts; Progressive Retinal Atrophy; Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome; Cushing's Disease; Cancer; Heart Problems; Sensitivity to Anaesthetic
Other Names Redesdale Terrier (previously name), Coquetdale Terrier (previously name)

Small and mighty, Border Terrier's are known for their fearless and relentless nature. For some, they may not make the best pet as they have high energy and a powerful drive to hunt and dig (say goodbye to your flower beds!). However, they have very cheerful personalities and are extremely intelligent and loyal. They're best suited to 'hooman' families who do lots of activities, like walking and running so that they can join in, otherwise, they will become bored and it may result in your home being completely ruined! Make sure you also have a sturdy fence as their high-prey drive is likely to lead them into the middle of the road. This breed gets on really well with all types of 'hooman' child, owner or stranger, everyone is welcome!

The Border Terrier is so named because it originated from the English-Scottish border, during the 18th century. The breed was originally known as the Coquetdale Terrier or the Redesdale Terrier, depending on whereabouts they were bred. They are one of the oldest native terriers of the UK and share their ancestry with other breeds from that region, including the Dandie Dinmont, Bedlington, and Patterdale Terrier. 

The Border Terriers were bred to be strong, robust terriers that farmers and shepherds used to keep foxes under control and cope with the harsh weather. Their long, narrow and flexible frame was ideal for squeezing through narrow holes, while their rough, weather-resistant coat and thick loose skin helped prevent their prey being able to pierce their skin when in combat. 

In the 19th century, fox hunting became popular, and the breed adapted to become a valuable hunting dog. The stamina of the Border Terrier, combined with the relative length of their legs, meant that they could follow the hunt for great distances, tracking foxes. Once the fox went to ground, the dog would flush them out of their lairs, battling them in close quarters if necessary. 

Although the Border Terrier was developed in the 1700s, they have changed little over the years. This can be seen from a painting by Arthur Wentworth, dating to 1754, which featured two Border Terriers. Despite their long history, it wasn't until the early 20th century that the breed became widely known outside of Northumberland. It was around the end of the 1800s that the breed became known as Border Terriers, and they were recognised by the Kennel Club in 1920, and the breed club formed. The first Border Terrier to be registered in the United States was a dog called Netherbyers Ricky, in 1930.