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Basset Bleu de Gascogne Breed Summary

Friendly, Out-going, Energetic, Playful and Calm

These dogs are thought to date back to the 14th century in Gascony, a region in South-West France. They were bred down from the larger sized Grand Bleu de Gascogne and originally used to hunt small furry mammals, namely rabbits due to their fantastic noses! The breed nearly suffered a complete extinction in the 1890s and it is only because of a man named Alain Bourbon that they still exist today. In the early 20th century, he bred a few of the remaining dogs with other Bassets to instil a new era of the breed! These dogs, although fairly well-known in France are essentially unknown elsewhere, with only a handful of people breeding them out of their native country. They are one of several breeds of Basset, of which the name refers to their short build. 

Kennel Club Group Hound
Lifespan 12 - 14 years
Height (at the withers) Males and Females 30.5cm - 38cm
Weight Males and Females 16kg - 18kg
Coat Dense, Short coat that is Thick
Colour Blue
Eye colour Brown
Common health issues Obesity, Skin Infections, Inverterbral Disc Degeneration
Other Names Blue Gascony Basset, Bleus de Gascogne

These little guys are well-known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They will rarely ever act aggressively towards anyone! During the day they can often be found sniffing out prey with their hunter owners but afterwards are more than happy to take a nap and chill out on the sofa! For this reason, they make excellent family dogs for those who enjoy hunting – and especially enjoy his ability to bark a lot! For this reason, they don't suit apartment living or houses that have close-by neighbours. They do however normally get on with other animals, such as cats and dogs and also get on very well with children! Other than this, the Basset Bleu’s have fairly different personalities; many will enjoy playing and running around whilst others will prefer to nap on your lap.

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne is a very old breed that directly descended from an even older breed. His history can be traced back to the 14th century where he originated in the region of Gascony located in southwest France. He was developed by breeding down the Grand Bleu de Gascogne. The Grand Bleu de Gascogne was too large to hunt the smaller game that would escape into thick underbrush, so the Basset Bleu de Gascogne was created for the purpose of going into the thick underbrush and flushing out small game such as rabbits. 

In the 1890s the Basset Bleu de Gascogne was almost extinct because of the sharp decline in hunting and the need for hunting dogs. There were very few to be found until Alain Bourbon began resurrecting the breed in the early 20th century. Bourbon did not fully document his breeding practices and therefore, nobody knows exactly how he was able to revive the breed. One theory is that Bourbon was able to breed a few of the original Basset Bleu de Gascogne's with the Grand Bleu de Gascogne and the Basset Saintongeois. Another theory is that the Basset Bleu de Gascogne simply came from a mutation of the Grand Bleu de Gascogne and both breeds are the same, except for the size. The overall look of the Basset Bleu de Gascogne did change slightly in appearance and more closely resembled the stereotypical Basset Hound. 

The Basset Bleu de Gascogne has been recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale and as well in 1991, the United Kennel Club, even though there are very few located in the United States. He is rarely found anywhere outside of France and there are only a few breed-specific clubs for the Basset Bleu de Gascogne.