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The Pug Shop

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Pug Breed Summary

Sweet, Docile, Humorous and Affectionate

This breed may be small but is definitely mighty! Especially considering that they originated in China, as far back as 206 A.D., living in luxury accommodation (sometimes even guarded by soldiers!). It’s also thought that the wrinkles on their cute faces bought good luck in the Chinese language! During the 1500s and very early 1600s, these pooches were bought to Europe via Dutch Traders, under the name ‘Mopshond’, which is still used to this day. They quickly became favorites of a variety of Royal families in Europe, in particular in Holland, where the Pug became the official dog of the royal family! They became increasingly popular during the reign of Queen Victoria and were often featured in paintings and postcards. The word ‘Pug’ is actually Latin for ‘fist’ and it’s thought this name came about due to this breeds face resembling a human fist!

Kennel Club Group Toy
Lifespan 12-15 years
Height (at the withers) Males and Females 10in - 13in
Weight Males and Females 14lb - 18lb
Coat Short, Soft, Smooth and Glossy
Color Silver, Apricot, Fawn or Black. All colours should have Black Muzzles, Masks, Ears, and Facial Spots
Eye color Brown
Common health issues Breathing Problems; Eye Prolapse; Skin Infections; Hip Dysplasia
Other Names Chinese Pug; Dutch Bulldog; Dutch Mastiff; Mini Mastiff; Mops; Carlin

Known as ‘the clowns of the Canine World’, this breed is well-known for its humorous and comical nature. They love to show off and were originally bred to be lap dogs, thus they love to be with us ‘hoomans’. Without enough human attention, they are prone to feeling at a loss, and becoming depressed, so it’s vital you have enough time for your little guy! One issue with these little guys is that they are very headstrong, making training a little more difficult than with other dogs. But if you do manage to get them well-trained and socialized, they will also get on well with other animals and children. They also make an excellent pet for someone living in an apartment, due to their small size and docile lifestyle. Just make sure to keep an extra eye on them when it gets very hot or cold as this weather doesn’t fit well with their flat faces, and they should be kept inside at all costs.

The Pug, often called the Pug Dog, is an ancient breed that can be traced back some 2,000 years. The emperors of ancient China preferred flat-faced toy dogs—the Pekingese, Shih Tzu, and Pug were all developed as refined pets of the emperor, his family, and members of the imperial court. Like many breeds favored by Far Eastern potentates of the ancient world, Pugs were a closely held treasure that outsiders could acquire only as a gift.

The Pug’s career as citizen of the world began sometime in the 1500s, when Dutch traders returned to Europe with specimens of the breed. Legend holds that the Pug became the mascot of Holland’s royal House of Orange when a Pug save the life of the Prince of Orange by barking to warn the prince of an attack on his camp by Spanish troops. When William and Mary of Orange arrived in England to assume the monarchy, their Pugs accompanied them and began a craze for the breed among the British.

The worldwide fascination with Pugs can be gauged by how many names the breed has had in various eras and places: Lo-sze (China), Mopsi (Finland), Doguillo (Spain) are just a few. Among the Dutch, still closely associated with Pugs, they are known as Mophonds.

Theories abound as to the origin of the name Pug. One suggests that Pug is based on the Latin word “pugnus,” meaning “fist”—the idea being that the dog’s face resembles a clenched fist.