Dalmatian Breed Summary
Energetic, Intelligent, Loving, Friendly and Sensitive
These dogs are extremely unique, both in their looks and personalities as well. Although mainly known for their spotted appearance, they have also been used in the past to run alongside carriages, such as fire engines and were a popular 'firehouse dog'!
They are also an incredibly agile breed which can be seen through their muscular and sleek appearances. For this reason, they normally do very well in sports and competitions. Additionally, their lovely personalities mean they make lovely family pets!
Fun Fact: It's thought the reason they are so popular is down to the film 101 Dalmations!
|Kennel Club Group||Utility|
|Lifespan||10 - 13 years|
|Height (at the withers)||Males 58cm - 61cm, Females 56cm - 58cm|
|Weight||Males and Females 23kg - 25kg|
|Coat||Short, Dense, Sleek and Glossy Hard Coat|
|Colour||White with Black Spots, White with Liver Spots|
|Eye colour||Dark Brown or Amber|
|Common health issues||Deafness, Hip dysplasia, Urinary stones, Epilepsy, Allergies, Hypopigmentation, Bloat, Atopy, Hepatitis, Shoulder osteochondrosis, Panosteitis, Various types of cancer, Dilated cardiomyopathy, Hypothyroidism, Copper toxicosis, Laryngeal paralysis, Hypertonic myopathies, Myelopathy, Galactocerebrosidosis, Ceroid lipofuscinosis|
|Other Names||Dal (nickname), Carriage Dog, Spotted Coach Dog, Firehouse Dog, Plum Pudding Dog|
This breed loves to be around their ‘hoomans’ for any reason; whether watching you fold up washing or going on a long walk around the park. However, their extreme energy means that they are not the ideal pet for everyone, as they can be exhausting to live with. You need to have a very active lifestyle in hope of ever matching their energy levels and if not, they’ll need to channel their energy into things like dog competitions, in categories such as agility and flyball, where they can really let loose! Not only are these guys super-energised, but they’re also super-intelligent as well. For this reason, they need to be trained from a very young age in order to establish rules. It’s also important to know how to spot a deaf dog, as 24% are born with hearing in just one ear, and 8% with none at all, in which case they will need extra special training and love from ‘hoomans’ who have experience in this area.
Exactly how this breed came about is unknown, but what we do know is that they are at least several hundred years old and were first seen travelling with Romani Gypsies. Their name came about during their stay in Dalmatia, found in the Adriatic Sea (now known as Croatia!). They have been utilised in lots of different jobs, including acting as guard dogs, retrievers, circus and coaching dogs, where they would run in front of horses pulling a coach. The Dalmatian’s strong affinity with horses is what makes them such good firehouse dogs, which they can still be found doing to this day! But they are probably more famously known for featuring in the film 101 Dalmatians, a Disney favourite!